# Proposed Math Changes for Kindergarten

Hi everyone! It's Lindsey today with the proposed changes to the Kindergarten Math SOLs.

See the series of Proposed SOL Math Changes for each grade level:

All review information, documents, and timeline information is on the VDOE site.  You can find the proposed SOLs here and the Proposed Curriculum Framework here.

Kindergarten goes from 16 to 13 standards with a lot completely moved to 1st and 2nd (no telling time, count by 5's 10's, tally marks, ordinal positions). A bigger emphasis on decomposing (breaking apart) numbers and subitizing (quickly ID groups). This is much more aligned with the focus of the Common Core and will greatly help build a firm number sense.

Number and Number Sense
old K.1- comparing sets of objects combined with K.2

K.1 - Update from counting sets of 15 to 20; read, write, and represent numbers 0-20

K.2 - Change comparing two sets of 10 or less objects to comparing three sets with more, fewer, the same amount, order from greatest to least

old K.3 - Moved ordinal numbers to 1st. Yeah!

K.3 NEW, NEW, NEW: Part, part, whole relationships with fluency to 5 (1 and 4, 2 and 3, 5 and 0, etc.) and introduce to 10 (9 and 1, 8 and 2, 7 and 3, etc.) The addition and subtraction symbols are not introduced. These quick relations are so important to building on number sense in the higher grades!

K.4 - Count to 100, updated to start at any number 0-100. ID number before and after any number to include 0-100.  Count backward 10-0. Moved counting by 5's and 10's to 100 to 1st. Counting by 5's and 10's is much easier than one more and one less a number to 100 so I think this standard has become much more challenging!

K. 5 Fractions have been simplified to solving practical problems of equal shares with 2 and 4 people.  Fractions of a set model moved to 1st.

Computation and Estimation
K.6 - Updated addition and subtraction with sums to 10 to include single step story problems and pictures. Addition and subtraction symbols are not introduced until 1st. I personally don't think it's harmful to introduce the symbols AFTER they understand decomposing numbers, but the idea is students are not solving worksheets with numerous standard algorithms.

Measurement and Geometry
K.7 - Money, students only need to ID attributes of coins and value. No counting sets! 1st only counts like coin sets and 2nd has mixed coins. This was a very hard skill so I'm glad to see counting was removed.

K.8 - Changed "passage of time" to only include reading a calendar. Added ID days of the week, months of the year from 1st (Kindergarten has traditionally taught this, but now it's a standard to be assessed). Telling time to the hour moved to 1st.

K.9 - Measurement only has direct comparisons of attributes (length,  height, weight, temperature, volume, time).  Non-standard measurement units moved to 1st.

K.10 - ID and describe (no more tracing) of plane figures regardless their orientation in space (turned on its side). Now combined with K. 12 to describe relative location above, below, next to.

Probability and Statistics
K.11 - Read graphs, picture graphs, and tables. Tally marks moved to 1st.

Patterns, Functions, and Algebra
K.12 - Sort and classify object's attributes. No changes here.

K. 13 - ID, describe, extend and now create and transfer repeating patterns. Includes pictures a patterns and transferring a pattern to make a similar repeating pattern.

Overall I think the proposed changes move some what I consider "stand alone" standards to 1st and 2nd. Telling time to the hour and ordinal numbers do little for building number sense and are more isolated skills. With some of these skills moved, we have more time to focus on number sense, number sense, number sense. Hopefully we'll see an improvement in the later grades with students' quick computation because of the stronger foundation in K on number relationships.

Just a few reminders...

• the Curriculum Framework is the BEST place to look at changes.  Remember, what is expected to be taught and covered is listed there
• the VDOE is taking public comments until April 27th (check with your lead teacher specialists in your county - they may want to submit them all together)
• the proposed changes will be reviewed and adopted by September
• 2017-18 will be a "crosswalk" year, where grade levels will need to cover gaps and new standards will be integrated into the old standards
• full implementation will take place in 2018-19 (new standards are taught and assessed)
Any questions, comments, or concerns?  Send off an email at mathematics@doe.virginia.gov.  If you have concerns or praises, let them know!
All review information, documents, and timeline information is on the VDOE site.  You can find the proposed SOLs here and the Proposed Curriculum Framework here.

If you're looking for number sense activities for your Kindergarten classroom, check out these bingo games for base ten, ten frames, tally marks, money, simple addition and subtraction, and more!

 Number Bingo 0-10
 Number Bingo 10-20

#### 1 comment

1. Thanks, Lindsey! I can't wait to share this.